By Frank Zelko
The emergence of Greenpeace within the overdue Sixties from a loose-knit workforce of anti-nuclear and anti-whaling activists essentially replaced the character of environmentalism--its objective, philosophy, and tactics--around the area. And but there was no finished goal heritage of Greenpeace's origins-until now.
Make It a eco-friendly Peace! attracts upon assembly mins, inner correspondence, manifestos, philosophical writings, and interviews with former contributors to provide the 1st complete account of the origins of what has develop into the main recognizable environmental non-governmental association on this planet. Situating Greenpeace in the peace stream and counterculture of the Sixties, Frank Zelko presents a miles deeper therapy of the group's groundbreaking model of radical, media-savvy, direct-action environmentalism than has been formerly tried. Zelko strains the advanced highbrow and cultural roots of Greenpeace to a number of the protest hobbies of the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties, highlighting the impression of Quakerism--with its perform of bearing witness--Native American spirituality, and the non-violent resistance of Gandhi. not like the extra strait-laced, much less confrontational Sierra membership and Audubon Society, early Greenpeacers smoked dope, dropped acid, wore their hair lengthy, and positioned their our bodies at the line--interposing themselves among the harpoons of whalers and the golf equipment of seal-hunters--to shop the animals and accomplish what they was hoping will be an enduring transformation within the manner people appeared the flora and fauna. And whereas it could actually now not have completed its so much progressive pursuits, Greenpeace inarguably created a heightened information of environmental matters that endures to this present day.
Narrating the foremost campaigns and arguments one of the group's early individuals, Make It a eco-friendly Peace! vividly captures the entire drama, pathos, and coffee moments of absurd comedian reduction of Greenpeace's tumultuous first decade.
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Extra resources for Make It a Green Peace!: The Rise of Countercultural Environmentalism
This event garnered considerable media attention but also earned the activists a stiff nineteen-month jail term. 28 Polaris Action did not exactly transform the United States into a nation of pacifists, but it was nonetheless one of the most high profile of the early antinuclear nonviolent direct-action protests. After a while, some of the townspeople in New London began to express sympathy for the demonstrators. A small number of Polaris workers even offered to quit their jobs if CNVA could find them alternative employment.
Undoubtedly, Speak Truth to Power contained many contradictions and problematic analogies. Could one really compare Gandhi’s India, where a distant foreign power imposed an exploitative colonial regime over millions of Indians, with Eisenhower’s America? Apart from minority groups such as African Americans, few Americans would have felt exploited and disenfranchised in the way that Indians had under British rule. The AFSC’s contentions that the emerging military-industrial complex was “oppressing” Americans and turning the United States into an “imperialist” nation may have rung true to academics of a Marxist bent, but it would not have had much resonance for ordinary Americans.
Most were members of pacifist and civil rights organizations, with WRL, Peacemakers, NAACP, CORE, and AFSC the most prominent among them. 41 Clearly, such people constituted a very small minority of the American population, a fact that helps explain why radical pacifism never became the mass movement its proponents had envisioned. Quakerism, democratic socialism, and Satyagraha, despite their philosophical compatibility with many core American values, held little appeal for postwar Americans in the thrall of consumerism and living in fear of a nuclear attack.