Hosting newcomers: structuring educational opportunities for by Robert Dentler

By Robert Dentler

This article bargains functional ideas at the most sensible how you can welcome the youngsters of immigrants into faculties. It attracts from a sociological learn of eleven metropolitan university districts, and the authors supply case reports to illustrate winning and unsuccessful practices.

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Culture in this sense is as applicable to a political entity such as a state or a local school district, or to a school, as it is to villages and tribes. As human service agencies are formed on cultural premises, these organizations embody and are guided by collectively cognitive maps toward what is most valued and toward who should get what resources within their structures. State political cultures, moreover, vary greatly in how active or passive their agencies are in responding to educational needs among a host of competing service agency activities (Dentler, 1984).

Cm. (Sociology of education series) Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. ISBN 0-8077-3613-9.  Children of immirgantsEducationUnited States.  ImmigrantsEducationUnited States.  Hafner, Anne L.  Title. 826'91'0973dc21 96-50969 ISBN 0-8077-3612-0 (paper) ISBN 0-8077-3613-9 (cloth) Printed on acid-free paper Manufactured in the United States of America 04 03 02 01 00 99 98 97 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Page v Contents Foreword, by José R. Llanes vii Preface xi 1 The Challenge of Newcomers 1 Disadvantaged Newcomers 2 The Questions 5 Guiding Concepts 7 Intervening Factors 11 Preview of the Book 15 2 The Shape of the Study 17 Sample 17 Instrumentation 24 Procedures and Data Collection 30 Data Analysis 33 3 Clues to Quality: Staff, Instruction, and Programs 39 Teacher Characteristics and Teacher Quality 41 School Quality 51 Instructional Quality: Strategies and Approaches 56 Instructional Quality: Access to Educational Programs 60 Conclusions 72 4 Community History and Culture 77 History 77 Local Culture 81 Communities and Resources 86 Conclusions 90 5 District and School Organization 94 An Ideal Type Model 95 District Profiles 102 Conclusions 118 Page vi 6 Vital Health and Human Services 122 Social Service Programs 124 Health and Human Service Programs 127 Psychological Service Programs 130 Other Service Programs 133 Conclusions 136 7 Conclusions 142 Quantitative Findings 143 Qualitative Findings 144 Implications 149 The Sociology of Impacted School Districts 152 References 155 Appendix: Rating Scales 163 Index 171 About the Authors 179 Page vii Foreword These are the newcomers, those children and adolescents who arrive in the United States accompanying parents or other relatives or by themselves, running away from political chaos, famine, persecution, perennial unemployment, or in search of a way of life which allows some freedom of choice.

Elementary and secondary enrollments in California in 1986, for instance, were nearly two times greater than those in New York, the next largest state, and they had been increasing for many years. Only California, Alaska, and Florida public schools increased their enrollments by more than 10% between 1987 and 1992, for example. Minority enrollments in California made up roughly 46% of all students in 1986 and grew to 55% by 1991. Only the enrollments in the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Mississippi, and New Mexico were proportionately higher in Page xii shares of minority students in either 1986 or 1991, and each of these systems hosted a large number of either African Americans or Hispanics, whereas California's shares were much more diverse (Snyder & Hoffman, 1993).

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