By Edward R. T. Tiekink, Jagadese Vittal
Crystal engineering - the place the myriad of intermolecular forces working within the solid-state are hired to layout new nano- and practical fabrics - is a key new expertise with implications for catalysis, prescription drugs, synthesis and fabrics science.
Frontiers in Crystal Engineering gathers own views, from overseas experts operating in molecular features of crystal engineering, at the sensible and theoretical demanding situations of the self-discipline, and destiny customers. those reveal the techniques which are getting used to take on the issues linked to the complexity, layout and performance of crystalline molecular solids.
* how intermolecular forces direct and maintain crystal structures
* practical engineering and layout elements
* coordination polymers and community structures
* functions in eco-friendly and pharmaceutical chemistry
Frontiers in Crystal Engineering is an invaluable advisor to this intriguing new self-discipline for either entrants to the sector in addition to confirmed practitioners, and for these operating in crystallography, medicinal and pharmaceutical sciences, solid-state chemistry, and fabrics and nanotechnology
Read Online or Download Frontiers in Crystal Engineering PDF
Best crystallography books
Fantastic learn starts off with basics of x-ray diffraction thought utilizing Fourier transforms, then applies common effects to varied atomic constructions, amorphous our bodies, crystals and imperfect crystals. basic legislation of X-ray diffraction on crystals stick with as distinct case. hugely helpful for solid-state physicists, metallographers, chemists and biologists.
X-ray crystallography offers us with the main exact photo we will get of atomic and molecular buildings in crystals. It offers a troublesome bedrock of structural leads to chemistry and in mineralogy. In biology, the place the constructions usually are not totally crystalline, it may possibly nonetheless offer beneficial effects and, certainly, the effect the following has been progressive.
Crystallography is among the so much multidisciplinary sciences, with roots in fields as various as arithmetic, physics, chemistry, biology, fabrics technological know-how, computation and earth and planetary technological know-how. The structural wisdom received from crystallography has been instrumental in buying new degrees of figuring out in different medical parts.
During this thesis Johanna Bruckner experiences the invention of the lyotropic counterpart of the thermotropic SmC* section, which has develop into well-known because the purely spontaneously polarized, ferroelectric fluid in nature. through polarizing optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electro-optic experiments she firmly establishes features of the constitution of the unconventional lyotropic liquid crystalline section and elucidates its interesting homes, between them a mentioned polar electro-optic impression, analogous to the ferroelectric switching of its thermotropic counterpart.
Additional resources for Frontiers in Crystal Engineering
While it is common to observe a carboxylic acid OH moiety forming an hydrogen bond to a carbonyl group, bifurcation of a carbonyl (amide or simple ketone) to two acid 42 CRYSTAL ENGINEERING OF PHARMACEUTICAL CO-CRYSTALS 1i 1j 1k 1l 1m 1n Figure 11. Illustrations of the co-crystal structures 1i–n CARBAMAZEPINE CO-CRYSTALS 43 OH groups without a 2-point supramolecular heterosynthon present is seen in only one structure in the CSD . Co-crystal 1m exhibits a 2:1 stoichiometry that contains both supramolecular heterosynthon II and a primary amide dimer, I.
More often than not, the phase that is obtained is independent of the synthetic methodology. The technique of solvent-drop grinding, addition of a small amount of suitable solvent to the ground mixture to accelerate co-crystallization, appears to be a particularly effective preparation method [66, 67]. That co-crystals can sometimes be prepared in a facile manner does not mean that their synthesis and isolation is routine: • A detailed understanding of the supramolecular chemistry of the functional groups present in a given molecule is a prerequisite for designing a co-crystal, since it facilitates selection of appropriate co-crystal formers.
R. Batten, B. F. Hoskins and R. Robson, Chem. Eur. , 6, 156 (2000); (b) S. A. Bourne, J. Lu, B. Moulton and M. J. Zaworotko, Chem. , 861 (2001); (c) B. Rather and M. J. Zaworotko, Chem. , 830 (2003); (d) B. Moulton, H. Abourahma, M. W. Bradner, J. Lu, G. J. McManus and M. J. Zaworotko, Chem. , 1342 (2003); (e) M. Fujita, Chem. Soc. , 27, 417 (1998); (f) B. Olenyuk, A. Fechtenk¨otter and P. J. Stang, J. Chem. , 1707 (1998); (g) M. D. Ward, Science, 300, 1124 (2003); (h) L. Pan, M. B. Sander, X. Huang, J.