De-Politicization of Ethnic Questions in China by Lizhong Xie

By Lizhong Xie

De-politicizing problems with ethnicity is a brand new theoretical method of research ethnic questions actively propounded and elaborated through Professor Ma Rong of Sociology division of Peking collage long ago ten years. within the contemporary years, this theoretical method has aroused biggish responses from the tutorial neighborhood in Mainland China, the appropriate executive departments, and most of the people. it really is prone to elicit full of life discussions within the years forward.

The ebook comprises 8 chosen chapters which characterize the most contributions to the talk. the 1st bankruptcy through Ma Rong is the main paper the place in he lays out his major principles and arguments. the remainder chapters care for either optimistic and adverse responses to the 1st bankruptcy, and his replies to them.

Readership: teachers, graduates, undergraduate scholars, and pros drawn to China's ethnic matters and de-politicization problems with ethnicity.

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As with the problem of the nation–society relationship, there may be a lot of perceptual discrepancies and endless detailed disputes over it. We cannot however expect all these problems to vanish completely given a “pluralistic unity” consensus among people. Nevertheless, we can still manage to list some duties and rights that can and must be borne by 4 Neil MacCormick finds a basic principle to be followed here: “self-autonomy” at the ethnic group level neither allows nor needs the form of sovereign state.

In the Chinese cultural tradition, the “civilized–barbarian distinction” was advocated along with a unified view of “the world” (tianxia or “all under heaven”), which emphasized that “all lands belong to the emperor and all people are his subjects”. Both “barbarians” and “civilized” were under the same “heaven”, and thus “barbarians” could be “educated”. Based on these thoughts, in the Chinese cultural tradition, all ethnic groups were considered equal to each other. 9 It is a “diffusion model” (Hechter, 1975, p.

It switches its positions continually along a bifurcating linear route (see Fig. 2). Fig. 2. The Bifurcating Linear Route in China. 4. The policies of the Chinese government since 1949 Although there were some tortuous periods in ethnic relations in the thousands of years of Chinese history, the mainstream in ethnic relations and integration among the groups has always been “culturalism”. This 16 This p. 87). attitude of the CCP changed after they assumed power in 1949 (Connor, 1984, November 21, 2013 14:8 9in x 6in De-Politicization of Ethnic Questions in China A New Perspective in Guiding Ethnic Relations b1561-ch01 21 process lasted until the 1950s.

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