By Theodore Millon PhD DSc, Robert F. Krueger PhD, Erik Simonsen MD
This forward-thinking quantity grapples with severe questions surrounding the mechanisms underlying psychological issues and the platforms used for classifying them. Edited and written by way of major foreign specialists, a lot of whom are actively concerned with the advance of DSM-V and ICD-11, the ebook integrates organic and psychosocial views. It presents balanced analyses of such concerns because the position of social context and tradition in psychopathology and the professionals and cons of express as opposed to dimensional ways to prognosis. state-of-the-art diagnostic tools and learn equipment are reviewed. all through, participants spotlight the consequences of present theoretical and empirical advances for realizing real-world scientific difficulties and constructing more beneficial remedies.
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Extra info for Contemporary Directions in Psychopathology: Scientific Foundations of the DSM-V and ICD-11
Clusters of symptoms) and classify them into disease entities. The success with which botanical taxonomists had systematized their field by the 18th century provided additional impetus to the trend toward categorizing symptom clusters into a formal psychiatric taxonomy or nosology. A second major trend within biological medicine—the view that mental disorders might result from organic pathology—can be traced to the early writings of Hippocrates, Aretaeus, and Galen. With the advent of valid anatomical, physiological, and biochemical knowledge in the early 18th century, and the discovery in the 19th century of the roles played by bacteria and viruses, the disease concept of modern medicine (including the view of mental illness as a disease) was firmly established.
Among the useful signs recorded were the movements, shapes, and colors of the face; the growth of hair; the smoothness of skin; the condition of the flesh; and the general structure of the body. Sluggish movements denoted a soft disposition, quick ones a fervent temperament; a deep voice denoted courage, a high one signified cowardice. The writers were wise enough to note that it would be foolish to base a judgment on any one of these signs. Centuries later, Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) made similar physiognomic proposals in his Treatise on Painting, in which he explored relationships between emotional states and overt facial expressions.
The disease therefore signified a lack of sexual hygiene. Galen’s stature grew over the next millennium—so much so that his views were thought to be sacrosanct. ” Some of these post-Galen compilations were not based on his work at all, but dishonestly carried his name for its ability to promote the sale of untenable or alien ideas. Although many of his notions were diluted by the passage of time or refuted by empirical knowledge, his vast contributions must be considered significant, in that no other figure in history exercised so extended an influence on the course of medicine.