Conscience in Moral Life: Rethinking How Our Convictions by Jason J. Howard

By Jason J. Howard

The suggestion of judgment of right and wrong is still the most customary ethical options and a cornerstone of standard ethical pondering. This e-book explores the place this common self assurance in moral sense stems from, studying the heritage of sense of right and wrong as an ethical suggestion and its attribute ethical phenomenology.
Jason Howard presents a finished reassessment of the functionality of judgment of right and wrong in ethical existence, detailing alongside the way in which the manifold difficulties that come up after we think our sense of right and wrong is extra trustworthy than is de facto warranted.

The result's a step by step review of our such a lot authorized assumptions. Howard is going directly to argue, from a phenomenological viewpoint, that judgment of right and wrong is quintessential for realizing ethical adventure. He capitalizes on a dialectical standpoint built by means of Hegel and Ricoeur, during which judgment of right and wrong is obvious because the acceptance of the opposite, and integrates this with paintings within the philosophy of emotion, arguing that sense of right and wrong is healthier noticeable when it comes to the functionality it serves in moderating the ethical feelings of disgrace, guilt and pride.

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Extra info for Conscience in Moral Life: Rethinking How Our Convictions Structure Self and Society

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In fact, it would not be too far off the 26 Chapter 1 mark to suggest that part of their respective confidence in the individual’s power of rational calculation to discern the right moral course of action owes something to their belief in conscience. For both, conscience functions as a final sanction that Mill claims—in terminology reminiscent of Kant—relates to “the pure idea of duty, and not some particular form of it, or with any accessory circumstances, is the essence of Conscience”, which, Mill goes on to qualify, is often “encrusted over with collateral associations” that make it seem as if it were something mystical.

That conscience might retain some function as a source of critical moral discernment that could legitimately inform us of our shared obligations to others is rejected. The silence of most contemporary ethicists on the topic of conscience, which I noted at the start of my investigation, is largely an acknowledgement of its fall from grace as centrally relevant in explanations of morality. Whatever remaining value conscience might have for current ethical theory appears largely confined to the way it points out long-standing confusions with morality.

13 The moral force of conscience looks as if it simply awaits the right set of conditions to spring into action and sanctify our decisions. Yet however assertive and forceful the light of conscience may appear, even the simple act of acknowledging its authority is more involved than may be readily apparent. Having an Infallible Faculty of Conscience Wherever we choose to anchor the certitude of convictions, in sources transcendent or immanent, we come to the same paradox of accountability: the agent must play some determining role in responding to, applying or (at a bare minimum) recognizing her moral convictions, which ends up compromising the infallible character of conscience.

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