By Marshall D. McCue (auth.), Marshall D. McCue (eds.)
All animals face the potential for nutrients dilemma and finally starvation-induced mortality. This e-book summarizes cutting-edge of hunger biology from the ecological motives of meals challenge to the physiological and evolutionary outcomes of lengthy fasting. it truly is written for an viewers with an figuring out of basic rules in animal body structure, but deals a degree of study and interpretation that might have interaction pro scientists. every one bankruptcy is written via energetic researchers within the box of comparative body structure and attracts at the fundamental literature of hunger either in nature and the laboratory. The chapters are geared up between huge taxonomic different types, similar to protists, arthropods, fishes, reptiles, birds, and flying, aquatic, and terrestrial mammals together with people; really well-studied animal versions, e.g. endotherms are additional equipped by way of experimental methods, equivalent to analyses of blood metabolites, good isotopes, thermobiology, and modeling of physique composition.
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Additional info for Comparative Physiology of Fasting, Starvation, and Food Limitation
Lignot and Y. LeMaho Guglielmo CG, Williams TD, Zwingelstein G, Brichon G, Weber JM (2002) Plasma and muscle phospholipids are involved in the metabolic response to long-distance migration in a shorebird. J Comp Physiol 172B(5):409–417 Habold C, Chevalier C, Dunel-Erb S, Foltzer-Jourdainne C, Le Maho Y, Lignot JH (2004) Effects of fasting and refeeding on jejunal morphology and cellular activity in rats in relation to depletion of body stores. Scand J Gastroenterol 39:531–539 Habold C, Foltzer-Jourdainne C, Le Maho Y, Lignot JH, Oudart H (2005) Intestinal gluconeogenesis and glucose transport according to body fuel availability in rats.
Chapman and Hall, London Hairston NG Jr, Ellner S, Kearns CM (1996) Overlapping generations: the storage effect and the maintenance of biotic diversity. In: Rhodes OE Jr, Chesser RK, Smith MH (eds) Population Dynamics in Ecological Space and Time. University of Chicago Press, Chicago Holliday R (1989) Food, reproduction and longevity: is extended lifespan of caloric restricted animals an evolutionary adaptation? BioEssays 10:125–127 Kirk KL (1997) Life-history responses to variable environments: starvation and reproduction in planktonic rotifers.
Differing types of selection at the extreme latitudes could result in higher starvation resistance in both regions. For example, global scale atmospheric circulation patterns (Hadley cells) create 4 Drosophila as a Model for Starvation: Evolution, Physiology, and Genetics 39 Fig. 1 Starvation resistance of 22 species of Drosophila. Male flies were assayed at 25°C. Open circles, tropical species; filled circles, temperate species. Triangles indicate tropical and temperate populations of D. melanogaster and D.