Comparative Hearing: Mammals by Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper

By Richard R. Fay (auth.), Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)

The Springer instruction manual of Auditory examine offers a sequence of comprehen­ sive and artificial stories of the basic issues in smooth auditory learn. The volumes are aimed toward all people with pursuits in listening to examine together with complicated graduate scholars, postdoctoral researchers, and medical investigators. The volumes are meant to introduce new investi­ gators to special facets of listening to technology and to assist tested inves­ tigators to raised comprehend the basic theories and information in fields of listening to that they won't often stick to heavily. every one quantity is meant to give a specific subject comprehensively, and every bankruptcy will function a man-made evaluate and consultant to the lit­ erature. As such, the chapters current neither exhaustive facts studies nor unique study that has now not but seemed in peer-reviewed journals. The volumes specialise in issues that experience constructed an effective facts and conceptual beginning instead of on these for which a literature is just commencing to boost. New study parts may be coated on a well timed foundation within the sequence as they start to mature. every one quantity within the sequence contains 5 to 8 mammoth chapters on a specific subject. at times, the subjects may be ones of conventional curiosity for which there's a considerable physique of information and idea, resembling auditory neuroanatomy (Vol. 1) and neurophysiology (Vol. 2). different volumes within the sequence will take care of subject matters that have all started to mature extra lately, akin to improvement, plasticity, and computational versions of neural processing.

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Conditioned avoidance), the stimulus is specified by using the mean value obtained when a microphone is placed in several positions in the cage. Animals often choose relatively constant positions in the test environment during testing, which may reflect an attempt to optimize stimulus detection. In such cases, the mean calibration value would tend to underestimate thresholds (Heffner and Heffner 1991). 2). Background noise can be a problem if the animal has to be tested in a more natural environment.

For example, hearing-impaired subjects who have impaired frequency resolution have difficulty discriminating speech in noise (reviewed in Moore, Glasberg, and Simpson 1992). If improved frequency resolution is correlated with an increased ability to separate a signal from the background noise, one might expect that animals which are more dependent on sound analysis for survival would have improved frequency resolution. Bats and dolphins, who use sounds to echolocate, have very good neural frequency resolution and also give narrower psychoacoustic estimates of frequency resolution than other species.

Solecki and Gerken (1990) applied a model of temporal integration developed by Gerken, Bhat, and Hutchinson-Clutter (1990) that integrates temporal integration data from a wide range of species. This model assumes that threshold is a power function of duration and can be used to model data from contiguous and noncontiguous signals in humans and cats. One possible interpretation of temporal integration data is based on a neural counting model (see Fay 1992). Most temporal integration models fail for very short tones (less than 10 ms).

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