By Yang Su
The violence of Mao's China is widely known, yet its severe shape isn't. In 1967 and 1968, through the Cultural Revolution, collective killings have been common in rural China within the kind of pubic execution. sufferers incorporated girls, kids, and the aged. This e-book is the 1st to systematically record and learn those atrocities, drawing facts from neighborhood files, govt records, and interviews with survivors in southern provinces. This publication extracts from the chinese language case classes that problem the present types of genocide and mass killings and contributes to the historiography of the Cultural Revolution, within which scholarship has mostly all in favour of occasions in city components.
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This is because the killing of a large number of civilians requires an extraordinary level of mobilization of local actors. Local conditions differentiate communities in terms of defining “enemies” and carrying out killings. A community that is 34 Doug McAdam, Sidney G. Tarrow, and Charles Tilly, Dynamics of Contention (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 7–8. 168 on Sun Nov 22 08:36:30 GMT 2015. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2015 Kill Thy Neighbor 13 engaged in mass killing consists of the perpetrators, the victims, and the bystanders.
Research on collective identity has a long tradition, with new impetus propelled by “identity movements” in recent years such as the gay–lesbian movement. For the latest summary of this research, see Francesca Polletta and James M. Jasper, “Collective Identity and Social Movements,” Annual Review of Sociology 27 (2001), pp. 283–305. 168 on Sun Nov 22 08:36:30 GMT 2015. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2015 20 Collective Killings in Rural China during the Cultural Revolution My inquiry into the preexisting group identities and the origins of the victims is informed by research on collective identity.
As discussed previously, victims of collective killings meet their fate not for their deeds but rather for who they are. That is, they are not killed as criminals but rather as enemy combatants, supporters of foreign enemies during war, or guerrilla insurgents. , civilians accused of providing sanctuary for communist guerrillas). In 1967–1968, the continuing street battles in Chinese cities created a wartime domestic climate, and the Four Types in the countryside were portrayed as the class base for urban resistance.