By Gerard A. Postiglione
This quantity specializes in rules and practices within the schooling of China's nationwide minorities with the aim of assessing the pursuits and impression of state-sponsored schooling for China's non-Han peoples. The essays within the 4 sections of this publication study cultural demanding situations to country education, the level of academic provision in minority components, the views of Tibetan and Uyghur minorities towards state schooling, besides delivering case reviews of 4 nationwide minorities. The e-book makes the purpose that regardless of the authoritarian personality of China's kingdom education, variety reigns. Read more...
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There was a secular education aimed at training government officials and a few private schools for the aristocracy. The courses given in these private schools included both secular and religious material, such as chanting the sutras by heart. What this meant was that even in the non-monastic schools, boys learned religious curricula. Attempts by the thirteenth Dalai Lama to begin the modernization of Tibetan education, for example by extending nonreligious material, ended up in failure amidst the virulent opposition of the great monasteries of the Yellow Hat sect of Tibetan Buddhism.
There were variations in the fees of those schools I visited, some requiring tuition fees, others money for accommodation and/or food, with still others gave their services entirely free, even if they accepted donations when they were offered. The students live at the mosque during the course of their students, and if married, they go to see their wife only on occasion. At most mosques, the number of students is severely constricted by the amount of accommodations available, exceeding 10 or so only at the largest ones.
The period of focus is the People's Republic of China PRC since 1949, and more specifically, the period of reform from the end of 1978 to the present. However, in discussing religion, it is quite impossible to ignore the past, therefore I will begin with discussion of the pre-PRC period. Religion and the Education o/China's Minorities 25 BACKGROUND OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RELIGION AND EDUCATION In general, Han Chinese culture is determinedly secular. Its education system was historically dominated by Confucianism, a secular ideology which on the whole expressed itself in non-religious ways.