Early Days of X-ray Crystallography by Andre Authier

By Andre Authier

2012 marked the centenary of 1 of the main major discoveries of the early 20th century, the invention of X-ray diffraction (March 1912, through Laue, Friedrich, and Knipping) and of Bragg's legislation (November 1912). the invention of X-ray diffraction proven the wave nature of X-rays and the space-lattice speculation. It had significant results: the research of the constitution of atoms, and the decision of the atomic constitution of fabrics. This had a momentous influence in chemistry, physics, mineralogy, fabric technology, and biology.

This booklet relates the invention itself, the early days of X-ray crystallography, and how the scoop of the invention unfold around the international. It explains how the 1st crystal buildings have been made up our minds, and recounts that have been the early purposes of X-ray crystallography. It additionally tells how the idea that of house lattice has built on the grounds that precedent days, and the way our realizing of the character of sunshine has replaced over the years. The contributions of the most actors of the tale, ahead of the invention, on the time of the invention and instantly afterwards, are defined via their writings and are placed into the context of the time, followed through short biographical information.

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Mixed Crystals by Professor Dr. Alexander I. Kitaigorodsky (auth.)

By Professor Dr. Alexander I. Kitaigorodsky (auth.)

The two-word identify of this e-book can purely provide a sign approximately its content material and method of the topic it offers with. during time, the time period has steadily develop into a little blurred. the reason being effortless to work out: comparable difficulties are actually a growing number of often studied by way of various branches of normal technological know-how. The time period "mixed crystals" has bought particular connotations in physics, chemistry, biology, and geology. One and an analogous time period can now function a reputation for issues that are both now not really an analogous or occasionally relatively various. And this can be accurately what occurred to the 2 phrases within the name of the booklet. one in all them, the time period "crystal", for which crystallography had an un­ ambiguous definition, is now hired by way of biologists to explain the constitution of cellphone membranes and through chemists who use it to indicate levels of polymer crystallinity. "Crystal" has therefore develop into a huge time period which can support describe any reliable, or simply a condensed kingdom of a substance, if the cast has a suf­ ficient measure of order within the association of its elements. however the publication is named "~lixed Crystals". the opposite notice in its identify, the adjective "mixed", has additionally constructed a number of meanings. it's now proposal ap­ plicable to either homogeneous and heterogeneous structures, that's, to crystals composed of other molecules and in addition to solids which are a mix of crys­ tals with diverse structures.

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Selected Systems from Al-B-Fe to C-Co-Fe (Landolt-Börnstein: by Günter Effenberg

By Günter Effenberg

Volume eleven of staff IV provides section diagrams, crystallographic and thermodynamic facts of ternary alloy structures. The subvolume D bargains with iron platforms, with half 1 contemplating chosen platforms from Al-B-Fe to C-Co-Fe. At ambient strain the equilibria of every person ternary approach are mentioned as features of temperature yielding spatial diagrams whose sections and projections are displayed The part equilibria are defined by way of liquidus, solidus and solvus projections, isothermal, vertical and quasibinary sections. info on invariant equilibria are commonly given within the kind of tables and response schemes.

The quantity varieties a finished evaluation and rigorous systematization of the almost immediately on hand facts. for every process the customarily conflicting literature and contradictory details has been completely evaluated via a staff of specialists, MSIT, and will hence be provided in a regular layout. again to the yr 1900 the literature has been reviewed, implying attainable reinterpretations from modern day kingdom of information, and integrated within the quantity. The tables and diagrams are preceded by way of descriptive commenting texts.

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Inorganic Materials Synthesis. New Directions for Advanced by Charles H. Winter, David M. Hoffman

By Charles H. Winter, David M. Hoffman

content material: Synthesis and characterization of surprising polar intermetallics / Arnold M. Guloy, Zhihong Xu, and Joanna Goodey --
Exploitation of Zintl stages within the pursuit of novel magnetic and digital fabrics / Susan M. Kauzlarich, Julia Y. Chan, and Boyd R. Taylor --
steel halide framework solids : analogs of aluminosilicates and aluminophosphates / James D. Martin --
Chiral chelate complexes as templates for inorganic fabrics / Angus P. Wilkinson --
The layout, synthesis, and characterization of redox-recyclable fabrics for effective extraction of heavy aspect ions from aqueous waste streams / Peter ok. Dorhout and Steven H. Strauss --
New donors and acceptors for molecule-based magnetism examine / Brenda J. Korte, Roger D. Sommer, Scott P. dealers, Mahesh okay. Mahanthappa, William S. Durfee, and Gordon T. Yee --
Chemical vapor deposition of refractory ternary nitrides for complex diffusion obstacles / Jonathan S. Custer, Paul Martin Smith, James G. Fleming, and Elizabeth Roherty-Osmun --
New routes towards chemical and photochemical vapor deposition of copper steel / Andrew W. Maverick, Alicia M. James, Hui Fan, Ralph A. Isovitsch, Michael P. Stewart, Ezana Azene, and Zuzanna T. Cygan --
New fabrics for Si-based heterostructure engineering : synthesis of Si-Ge-C Alloys and compounds by way of UHV-CVD and molecular chemistry / J. Kouvetakis, D.C. Nesting, and David J. Smith --
The chemical vapor deposition of steel boride skinny movies from polyhedral cluster species / John A. Glass, Jr., Shreyas S. Kher, Yexin Tan, and James T. Spencer --
Sol-gel processed fabrics within the automobile / Chaitanya okay. Narula --
Covalent amendment of hydrogen-terminated silicon surfaces / Namyong Y. Kim and Paul E. Laibinis --
constitution, passivating houses, and heterogeneous alternate of self-assembled monolayers derived from chemisorption of the inflexible rod arenethiols, X-C₆H₄-C [triple bond] C-C₆H₄-C [triple bond] C-C₆H₄-SH, on Au(111) / Robert W. Zehner, Richard P. Hsung, and Lawrence R. Sita --
New functionalizable surfaces in accordance with aldehyde-terminated monolayers on gold / Ronald C. Horton, Jr., Tonya M. Herne, and David C. Myles --
Nanometer scale fabrication of self-assembled monolayers : nanoshaving and nanografting / Gang-yu Liu and music Xu.

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Dictionary of Geology & Mineralogy, Second Edition by McGraw-Hill

By McGraw-Hill

Derived from the content material of the revered McGraw-Hill Dictionary of clinical and Technical phrases, 6th variation, every one identify offers hundreds of thousands of definitions of phrases and words encountered in a selected self-discipline. All comprise: * Pronunciation advisor for each time period * Acronyms, cross-references, and abbreviations * Appendices with conversion tables; listings of medical, technical, and mathematical notation; tables of correct information; and extra * A handy, quick-find layout (20031001)

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Handbook of Liquid Crystals, Volume 2A: Low Molecular Weight by Edited by: Dietrich Demus, Dietrich Demus, John W. Goodby,

By Edited by: Dietrich Demus, Dietrich Demus, John W. Goodby, George W. Gray, Hans W. Spiess, Volkmar Vill

The instruction manual of Liquid Crystals is a distinct compendium of information on all points of liquid crystals. In over 2000 pages the guide presents designated info at the easy rules of either low- and high-molecular weight fabrics, in addition to the synthesis, characterization, amendment, and purposes (such as in machine monitors or as structural fabrics) of every kind of liquid crystals. The 5 editors of the instruction manual are the world over popular specialists from either and academia and feature drawn jointly over 70 top figures within the box as authors. The 4 volumes of the guide are designed either for use jointly or as stand-alone reference resources. a few clients would require the entire set, others may be most sensible served with one or of the volumes. quantity 1 offers with the elemental actual and chemical rules of liquid crystals, together with structure-property relationships, nomenclature, part habit, characterization equipment, and normal synthesis and alertness suggestions. As such this quantity presents a superb creation to the sphere and a strong studying and educating instrument for graduate scholars and above. Volumes 2A and 2B pay attention to low-molecular weight fabrics, for instance these normally utilized in reveal know-how. a top quality survey of the literature is supplied in addition to complete info of molecular layout options, section characterization and keep watch over, and functions improvement. those volumes are accordingly via a long way the main distinct reference resources on those industrially vitally important fabrics, ultimate for execs within the box. quantity three concentrates on high-molecular weight, or polymeric, liquid crystals, a few of that are present in structural functions and others take place as typical items of dwelling structures. an effective literature survey is complemented by way of complete element of the synthesis, processing, research, and purposes of all vital fabrics periods. This quantity is the main finished reference resource on those fabrics, and is for this reason superb for pros within the box.

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4 Volume Set, Handbook of Liquid Crystals by Edited by: F. Demus, Dietrich Demus, John W. Goodby, George

By Edited by: F. Demus, Dietrich Demus, John W. Goodby, George W. Gray, Hans W. Spiess, Volkmar Vill

The instruction manual of Liquid Crystals is a special compendium of information on all features of liquid crystals. In over 2000 pages the instruction manual presents distinct details at the uncomplicated rules of either low- and high-molecular weight fabrics, in addition to the synthesis, characterization, amendment, and functions (such as in computing device screens or as structural fabrics) of all kinds of liquid crystals. The 5 editors of the guide are the world over popular specialists from either and academia and feature drawn jointly over 70 prime figures within the box as authors. The 4 volumes of the guide are designed either for use jointly or as stand-alone reference assets. a few clients would require the full set, others can be most sensible served with a range of the volumes. quantity 1 bargains with the elemental actual and chemical ideas of liquid crystals, together with structure-property relationships, nomenclature, part habit, characterization equipment, and basic synthesis and alertness options. As such this quantity offers a very good creation to the sector and a strong studying and educating software for graduate scholars and above. quantity 2 concentrates on low-molecular weight fabrics, for instance these in general utilized in demonstrate know-how. a top quality survey of the literature is supplied in addition to complete info of molecular layout ideas, part characterization and keep an eye on, and purposes improvement. This quantity is consequently through a long way the main distinctive reference resource on those industrially extremely important fabrics, perfect for pros within the box. quantity three concentrates on high-molecular weight, or polymeric, liquid crystals, a few of that are present in structural functions and others take place as usual items of residing structures. an effective literature survey is complemented via complete element of the synthesis, processing, research, and purposes of all very important fabrics sessions. This quantity is the main finished reference resource on those fabrics, and is consequently superb for execs within the box.

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Molecular Aspects of Innate and Adaptive Immunity by Kenneth B. M. Reid, Robert B. Sim

By Kenneth B. M. Reid, Robert B. Sim

This e-book offers a survey of issues, within the region of innate and adaptive immunity, that have been researched in the MRC Immunochemistry Unit, at Oxford college, over a interval of 40 years. the themes comprise: antibody constitution, for which the 1st Director of the Immunochemistry Unit, Professor R.R. Porter, was once offered a Nobel prize in 1972; the characterization of membrane proteins on lymphoid cells, resulting in the idea that of those molecules belonging to an immunoglobulin large relatives; the proteins of the human serum supplement process, one of many body's significant defenses opposed to microbial an infection; the human mobile, floor integrins and the hyaluronan-binding proteins, that are interested in rules of irritation at mobilephone surfaces and in the extracellular matrix; the kin of amassing molecules, containing certain globular carbohydrate-binding domain names associated with collagen-like areas, which play vital roles in innate immunity within the lungs and bloodstream by means of rapid reputation and clearance of microbial pathogens.

Each bankruptcy within the booklet provides a quick ancient heritage to a subject after which offers a survey of contemporary advances within the box and is written via across the world well-known well known specialists. The topic working throughout the chapters is that of protein structure-function relationships, together with, among others, descriptions of quaternary constructions of enormous oligomeric proteins, of issue H and C1q binding to express ligands, and of the chemistry of the mechanism of catalysis of covalent binding of activated C3 and C4 proteins to nucleophilic teams on microbial surfaces. in numerous chapters very good descriptions are given with recognize to how the immune process may be recruited to strive against microbial an infection through proteins of either the innate and adaptive immune structures.

The ebook additionally contains outstanding chapters that are first-class examples of the significance of the way the isolation, characterization, protein engineering and crystallization has ended in an entire realizing of complicated protein-protein interactions fascinated by the popularity and triggering occasions of significant sections of the immune approach: constitution and serve as of the C1 advanced, Gerard J. Arlaud; Chemical Engineering of healing Antibodies, George T. Stevenson; Leukocyte floor proteins: purification and characterization, A. Neil Barclay; mobile floor Integrins, Suet-Mien Tan and S.K. Alex Law.

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Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification by Doru Stefanescu

By Doru Stefanescu

The third version of this well known textbook covers present issues in all components of casting solidification. Partial differential equations and numerical research are used widely during the textual content, with quite a few calculation examples, to assist the reader achieve a operating wisdom of computational solidification modeling. The beneficial properties of this new version comprise: • new chapters on semi-solid and steel matrix composites solidification • a considerably prolonged therapy of multiscale modeling of solidification and its functions to advertisement alloys • a survey of latest subject matters resembling solidification of multicomponent alloys and molecular dynamic modeling • new theories, together with a concept on oxide bi-films within the therapy of shrinkage difficulties • an in-depth therapy of the theoretical facets of the solidification of an important advertisement alloys together with metal, forged iron, aluminum-silicon eutectics, and superalloys • up-to-date tables of fabric constants.

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