Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials for by Terry Des Jardins

By Terry Des Jardins

This leading edge, best-selling ebook presents the main entire and actual information regarding the constitution and serve as of the breathing procedure. The relevance to breathing care perform truly units this source aside, with scientific situations to problem your software of rules and formulation in addition to various illustrations of universal pathological stipulations akin to cystic fibrosis, power bronchitis, and bronchial asthma.

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Additional resources for Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiology: Essentials for Respiratory Care, 5th Edition

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Because of this fact, a basic understanding of how the mast cells function in the immunologic system is essential for the respiratory care practitioner. There are two major immune responses: cellular immunity and humoral immunity. The cellular immune response involves the sensitized lymphocytes that are responsible for tissue rejection in transplants. This immune response is also termed a type IV, or delayed, type of hypersensitivity. The humoral immune response involves the circulating antibodies that are involved in allergic responses such as allergic asthma.

Posterior Cricoarytenoid Muscles. These muscles pull inferiorly on the lateral angles of the arytenoids, causing the vocal folds to move apart (abduct) and thus allowing air to pass through (Figure 1–14A). Lateral Cricoarytenoid Muscles. The action of these muscles opposes that of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscles. These muscles pull CHAPTER 1 The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System 21 Figure 1–13 Extrinsic laryngeal muscles. Mastoid process Stylohyoid muscle Mylohyoid muscle (severed) Digastric muscle (posterior belly) Digastric muscle (anterior belly) Geniohyoid muscle Thyrohyoid muscle Hyoid bone Stylopharyngeus muscle Thyroid cartilage Omohyoid muscle Cricoid cartilage Sternothyroid muscle Sternohyoid muscle (partially severed) laterally on the lateral angles of the arytenoids, causing the vocal folds to move together (adduct) (Figure 1–14B).

Describe the histology of the tracheobronchial tree, including the following components: —Components of the epithelial lining (upper and lower airways) • Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium • Basement membrane • Basal cells • Mucous blanket ⅙ Sol layer ⅙ Gel layer • Goblet cells • Bronchial glands (submucosal glands) • Mucociliary transport mechanism —Components of the lamina propria • Blood vessels • Lymphatic vessels • Branches of the vagus nerve (continues) CHAPTER 1 The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System 5 13.

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