Biodegradation and Durability of Materials under the Effect by Gennady Zaikov, Semenov, Gumargalieva

By Gennady Zaikov, Semenov, Gumargalieva

This quantity within the publication sequence New ideas in Polymer Science offers with the dangerous results, which microorganisms reminiscent of micro organism, fungi, and so on. could have on a number fabrics in equipment. The e-book goals to supply theoretical notions in regards to the mechanisms of fabric destructive via microorganisms below operation stipulations in addition to to provide ideas for cover of technical articles and equipment. This monograph includes the next themes: discovering of kinetic regularities, analytical types and quantitative indices for phases fabric biodamaging; examine of impression of houses of fabrics, gains of microorganisms, temperature, humidity and different elements on interplay among a cloth and a biodestructor; and, compilation of guidance to figure out and forecast organic resistance (bioresistance) of fabrics, improvement of capacity and techniques for his or her safety in addition to estimates in their potency. This monograph may be of price and curiosity to researchers and engineers operating in fields during which fabrics are topic to lively microbiological getting older and destruction

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Extra info for Biodegradation and Durability of Materials under the Effect of Microorganisms

Sample text

Oil fuels are subject to microbiological damage during both storage and transportation, and operation [ 12 - 161. The study of problems associated with the development of microorganisms in fuels has been initiated in the USA simultaneously with development of jet-propelled aviation. It has been shown that accumulation of the products of growth and vital activities of microscopic fungi and bacteria in the fuel systems may cause filter blinding and stoppage of other aggregates, breaks in operation of fuel control equipment sensors, damage of internal protective coatings, and corrosion injuries of materials in fuel supply systems [17 - 221.

A. Z. E. Zaikov initial material) of which were stipulated by the method of determining the characteristics of studied process, controlled in the experiment. 1 Materials used in tests GOST 5960-72 (GFL) Cellulose film, (CF) Cotton thread of tamaulin , fabric, marking 1 112b5 12b5 Oil distillate fuel, TS-1 Pressure oil, h4N-7,5U Aluminum alloy, D-16 Steel. 2 x 10" g/cm3) 1" category fuel 1St category oil Plate 2 mm thick Plate 3 mm thick Strains of microorganisms preserved in a specialized collection were used.

1982, vol. 32(1), pp. 281 291. Chapter 1. Modern ideas about biodamaging of materials and technical articles. Review of references Biodamaging (biological damaging) represents any change (distortion) of structural and functional characteristics of an object induced by a biological factor [l, 21. By biological factor organisms or their associations are meant, the influence of which on a technical facility disturbs its operational order. Microorganisms (microscopic fungi, bacteria, and yeast [2 - 41) are most aggressive to materials and articles.

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