Asian Trade and European Influence: In the Indonesian by M. A. P. Meilink-Roelofsz

By M. A. P. Meilink-Roelofsz

Now that this examine is done and that i desire to make due acknowledg­ ment to all those that have in any measure contributed in the direction of its consciousness, my concepts flip within the first position to the only to whom this ebook is devoted. it's a nice grief to me that he who took such an severe curiosity in my paintings has now not lived to determine its end. It used to be he who first and foremost instructed me to enterprise upon this process research and whose encouragement helped me in moments of de­ spondency. The excessive usual which, along with his prepared and significant judgment, he set for his personal paintings, was once an instance to me, and that i shall attempt to keep up it in my destiny stories. not just did he aid me to put the root of my wisdom of archive technological know-how, yet he used to be additionally my consultant in a box new to me in lots of respects, that of Asian maritime alternate. His vast wisdom of medieval eu alternate within the Baltic sector led me to check and distinction the 2 worlds of East and West and therefore helped me to acquire a deeper perception into the diversities and similarities among a few of the difficulties concerned. i'm drastically indebted to Prof. Dr. J. M. Romein, who has the development of my reports with nice curiosity these kind of years, and on whose support and help, occasionally in very tricky conditions, i've got continuously been in a position to rely.

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5 Lying in the narrowest part of the Straits of Malacca and accessible in any monsoon, it was free of storms and therefore more sheltered than ports like SamudraPase and Pidie on the east coast of Sumatra, which were exposed to the northeast trade winds. And having no dangerous shallows like those off Singapore, it provided a naturally safe anchorage for foreign shipping in any kind of weather. 6 The monsoons and. trade winds enabled traders from East and West tomeet one another in Malacca. Although the Indian ships could leave Cambay from January onwards, the best time for them to sail was in March?

A was the highest official in the land. ,a. ,a, a sort of Prime Minister, was in the first place Chancellor and Lord of the Treasury, but also Chief Justice for all civil and criminal affairs. He could condemn people of all ranks to death; not even noblemen or persons of foreign nationality were outside his jurisdiction. But before passing sentence he was obliged to inform the ruler, and together they reached a decision on the case after consultation with the other two high officials, the laksamana or Admiral of the Fleet, and the tumenggung, a legal official.

48 Since the cargo of one ship might consist of very many different types of articles, for each of which separate duties had to be paid and separate gifts made, and all of which had therefore to be valued separately, the method of a committee of merchants simplified matters considerably, provided a guarantee against fraud, and made for much quicker business transactions. For the territories to the East of Malacca, the Indonesian Archipelago included, another arrangement was in force. 49 The merchants from those parts paid no duties on their merchandise but simply gave gifts to the king and his officials.

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