By University John Buckler
This booklet covers the political, diplomatic, and armed forces historical past of the Aegean Greeks of the fourth century BC, elevating new questions and delving into previous disputes and controversies. It contains their strength struggles, the Persian involvement of their affairs, and the final word Macedonian conquer Greece. It bargains with the political inspiration of federalism and its family members to the proper of the polis. the quantity concludes with the triumph of Macedonian monarchy over the polis.
In facing the good public problems with fourth-century Greece, the method of them contains a mixture of assets. the standard literary and archaeological info kinds the basic starting place for the topographical exam of each significant website pointed out within the textual content. Numismatic proof likewise reveals its position the following.
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8; Plut. Alk. 6; Lys. 5. Abydos: Thuc. 62, 102, 106; Xen. Hell. 6, 11; Diod. 1. Lesbos: Plut. Alk. 24. Methymna: Xen. Hell. 14; Diod. 1. Eresos: Thuc. 100. Phokaia: Xen. Hell. 33. Teos: Thuc. 16. Delphinion: Xen. Hell. 15; Diod. 76; see also Thuc. 38. Chios and Erythrai: Thuc. 6; Xen. Hell. 3, 33; Diod. 3–4; Plut. Alk. 1. Ephesos: Xen. Hell. 1, 10; Diod. 3; Plut. Alk. 2; Lys. 3. Samos: Xen. Hell. 6–7. Miletos: Thuc. 60, 62, 78; Xen. Hell. 1, 62; Diod. 4; Plut. Lys. 8. Iasos: Diod. 7. Kos: Thuc.
Leo- 16 Plut. Lys. 19. U. -F. Bommelaer, Lysandre de Sparte (Paris 1981) 153–171. 27 tychidas, the son of Agis, was the heir apparent, but rivals challenged his very legitimacy as the son of Agis. Lysandros, himself ineligible to ascend the throne, lurked at the heart of the matter with the eager connivance of Agesilaos, Agis’ half-brother. They claimed that during the Peloponnesian War, when the Athenian Alkibiades was an exile in Sparta, he impregnated Agis’ wife Timaia. Alkibiades reputedly claimed that he did so because he wanted a son of his own to reign over Sparta.
2; Plut. Lyk. 1; Lys. 1; Mor. -Plato Eryxias 400A–B; Polyb. 49. S. Hodkinson in A. Powell and S. Hodkinson, The Shadow of Sparta (London and New York 1994) 195–201; idem, in P. Carlier, Le IV e siècle av. -C. (Paris 1996) 93–96; idem, Property and Wealth in Classical Sparta, 151–186. 15 It is instructive that Agesilaos would later go to great lengths to refuse personal gifts. 26 acted the part. His enemies accused him of overweening pride and harsh arrogance. Far more ominous to his Spartan enemies, however, was his alleged attempt to translate his victories in the eastern Aegean into his private principality.