Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and by Steven Taylor

By Steven Taylor

Within the mid- to past due Forties, a bunch of younger males rattled the psychiatric institution by way of beaming a public highlight at the squalid stipulations and brutality in our nation's psychological hospitals and coaching colleges for individuals with psychiatric and highbrow disabilities. Bringing the abuses to the eye of newspapers and magazines around the nation, they led a reform attempt to alter public attitudes and to enhance the learning and standing of institutional employees. those younger males have been one of the 12,000 international battle II conscientious objectors who selected to accomplish civilian public carrier in its place to battling. performing on sense of right and wrong a moment time, they challenged America's remedy of its electorate with critical disabilities. Acts of judgment of right and wrong brings to mild the extreme efforts of those brave males, drawing upon huge archival examine, interviews, and private correspondence.

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Extra resources for Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and Religious Objectors

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They exercise the right of suffrage and approve the holding of public office where principles of love and nonviolence “Religious Training and Belief” | 31 are not violated. ”35 The Brethren Service Committee was formed in 1939 to coordinate the church’s peace and relief efforts. The BSC was later assigned responsibility for administering the Brethren’s CPS camps. 37 Like the Mennonites and Brethren, there are different branches of Friends. 38 The main difference among Friends is whether their congregations hold “programmed” or “unprogrammed” meetings.

As early as October 2, French had told Hershey that the Friends would probably prefer not to take government funds. At the October 5 meeting among the peace churches that formed what would become NSBRO, the sentiment was against accepting government funds: “It was declared that any program of work camps would cost heavily, but that we should attempt to strain ourselves to do it without government money. Conscription is likely to be of long 20 | “We Won’t Murder” duration and some kind of church-directed program should be started now and kept out of government hands.

Isolationism ran strong in the country, and Roosevelt would be up for reelection that fall. 26 Conscription would not become a controversial issue in the presidential campaign. 27 President Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act into law on September 16, 1940. It was the first peacetime draft law in the history of the United States. The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, the 783rd law passed by the Seventy-sixth Congress, second session, included the following provision: Nothing contained in this act shall be construed to require any person to be subject to combatant training and service in the land or naval forces of the United States who, by reason of religious training and belief, is conscientiously opposed to participation of war in any form.

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