By Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
This quantity offers a precis of the average heritage of the floor beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and over 2400 taxa) from North the US north of Mexico. lower than every one taxon, the ecology, biology, dispersal strength, amassing options and chosen references are given. The part on ecology contains the subsequent: altitudinal distribution, habitat, diel job and gregariousness. The part facing biology provides info on seasonality, mating, gravid women or oviposition, tenerals, over-wintering, feeding, predation, parasitism and defence-mechanism. The part on dispersal energy, or the aptitude of dispersal, has been assessed whilst attainable utilizing 3 major standards: wing situation, flight info (including light-trapping observations) and different locomotory conduct. The part on gathering options offers the simplest technique of catch. The part references checklist the main proper papers, with applicable key terms, and an exhaustive bibliography facing the usual historical past of North American Carabidae can be supplied. This paintings follows the "Catalogue of Bousquet and Larochelle" (1993), "Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachydae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae together with Cicindelini of the United States north of Mexico) which supplied nomenclatural and distributional info on North American floor beetles
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Additional info for A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27)
Dispersal power. Macropterous, probably capable of flight. Moderate runner. Collecting technique. Treading the vegetation into the water. Reference. Lindroth, 1966 (natural history). Agonum (Europhilus) sordens Kirby, 1837 Ecology. Lowlands, mountains, and subalpine zone. Borders of eutrophic marshes; swamps, marshy borders of slow rivers and small brooks; flood-plain forests. Frequently at the border of little rills (in spring). Not restricted to the vicinity of open water. , Carex, grass). Mostly nocturnal; sheltering during the day under dead leaves and depressed grass.
Dispersal power. Macropterous. Frequent flier (to artificial lights at night). Frequent in lake- and seashore drift material, which indicates flight ability. Moderate runner. Regular climber (on plants and trees). Strongly favored by human activities. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; turning stones; sweeping or beating the vegetation; light trapping; turning drift material. References. Blatchley, 1910 (ecology, biology); Lindroth, 1955a, 1963a, and 1966 (natural history); Rivard, 1964c (biology); Frank, 1971b (biology); Kirk, 1975c (ecology, dispersal power); Erwin, 1981 (natural history); Levesque and Levesque, 1994 (biology); Will et al.
Lowlands and mountains. Deciduous woodland swamps, flood-plain forests, eutrophic marshes (Salix), marshy borders of slow rivers, brooks, and drainage channels. , Typha, Solanum, grass). Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under dead leaves, depressed grass, and stones. Biology. Seasonality: February-December. Tenerals: March; July-September (mostly). Adults found overwintering on higher and drier ground, at the edge of irrigation canals, on the top of sand dunes, at the edge of woods, and in woods; under dead leaves, stones, and the loose bark of fallen trees, in rotten logs and fallen rotten branches.