By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an intensive revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were further, and elements that handle theoretical concerns that, at the very least at the moment, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and acquaintances have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my realizing of lroquoian linguistics. to start with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl area and their friendship in the course of my study: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply enjoy being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and specifically I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for offering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and cost hugely, tremendous stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The impact of my advisers and neighbors should be glaring in the course of the paintings. I thank particularly Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dept of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were additional, and components that handle theoretical matters that, not less than in the mean time, have receded into the history, were passed over.
Extra resources for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
56) teha 'ya~ks te-hra-ya~k-s He breaks it DU-MA-cut-HAB SEGMENTAL PHONOLOGY 29 (57) ct. n1' yajJk-s He cuts it MA-cut-HAB (58) wah A ,t/\hrejJ wajJ-hra-(i)t /\ hr-jJ He pitied FACT-MA-pity-PUNC (59) cf. r A ,t /\ hrejJ hra-(i)t /\ hr-jJ He pities MA-pity-HAB (60) /\ hanuhtunyujJ /\ -hr(a)-anuht-u-nyu-jJ He will use his brain FUT-MA-know-DIST-DIST-PUNC (61 ) cf. ), shows that r is retained before underlying ;\ but not before underlying i-stems. The underlying r of prefixes other than the MA is lost when the prefix is preceded by at least one other morpheme in the word (regardless of the stern type): (66) tehoya' ku te-·hro-yajJk-u He broke it DU-MP-cut-ST AT (67) cf.
There are no clusters with r since Seneca has lost all instances of PLI *r; see chapter 7. k sr t? 10. In addition, resonant consonants are lost before both ? and h in Seneca, while in Cayuga they are lost only before? (Chafe and Foster, 1981, p. 136). See Chafe (1959, pp. 486-87) for Seneca examples. SEGMENTAL PHONOLOGY 23 Table XlI: Surface Word-medial CCC Clusters by Initial CC y s w n k sny sty sth sky skw tsy k tky tkw ksh h khy khw hty khn hky hkw ~sy ~st rty ~ts ~ky ~sw rsk i'sh ~tw i'tk rth i'kw i'sr thy thw kty kth hny ~ny h rkt i'kh Surface word-initial CC clusters in Seneca are: sy, sw, sn, st, sk, sh, ty, tw, ts, tk, th, ky, kw, kt, kh, hw, and hn.
6. 7. 8. 9. 1. Loss of r or I from Masculine Prefixes A number of the pronominal prefixes that indicate a masculine agent or patient may be analyzed as containing the underlying sequence hr or hI in Mohawk and Oneida. A partial list of these prefixes follows in (55); the solidus (I) separates alternants that are not accounted for by the processes described here. Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca have lost the *r of the prefixes. For example, corresponding to Mohawk hra-Iha- (MA), they have constant ha-.